7 April 2008
The Convention was originally adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Dec 2006, but as with all UN Conventions, it required ratification by at least twenty countries before it can come into force. Ecuador became the twentieth State to do so.
A further 106 States have also signalled their intention of ratifying the Convention at some time in the future.
The 50-article Convention fights discrimination in relation to a wide range of rights that are often not accorded to persons with disabilities, either deliberately or through neglect. These include the rights to education, health, work, adequate living conditions, freedom of movement, freedom from exploitation and equal recognition before the law. The Convention also addresses the need for persons with disabilities to have access to public transport, buildings and other facilities and recognizes their capacity to make decisions for themselves
This Convention brings the total number of UN Treaties to eight, the others being (with the year of their adoption shown):-
Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), 1965
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 1966
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), 1966
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), 1979
Convention Against Torture (CAT), 1984
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), 1989
Convention on Migrant Workers (CMW), 1990
A separate Committee (known as a Treaty Body) has been established to monitor the implementation of each of the Treaties by those States that are party to the Treaty. (States Parties)
This monitoring process provides another opportunity for NGO’s such as Edmund Rice International to intervene and encourage State’s to live up to the commitments they have made.
ERI is particularly interested in the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child